Passato prossimo - Past Simple or Present Perfect? Let's see the Past Simple

Il Passato Prossimo, is an indicative (indicativo) time verb that can be used in two context, and this post we’ll see how to use in the past simple.

:arrow_right: The context to use Il Passato Prossimo as the Past Simple

In this case, to translate and use il Passato Prossimo as the Past Simple, we have to consider that the action has happened in a specific time and this time is past (ex: if you are talking after the morning but you are in the evening).

:arrow_right: How to form it?

Il passato prossimo is formed by
Verb To Be - Verbo Essere (Presente Indicativo) or Verb To Have - Verbo Avere (Presente Indicativo)
plus the Participio passato

  • Let’s conjugate the ver Mangiare (to eat):

Io ho mangiato - I ate
Tu hai mangiato - You ate
Lei/Lui ha mangiato - She/He/It ate
Noi abbiamo mangiato - We ate
Voi avete mangiato - You ate
Essi hanno mangiato - They ate

  • Now let’s see with the verb Cadere (to fall):

Io sono caduto - I fell
Tu sei caduto - You fell
Lei/Lui è caduta/o - She/He/It fell
Noi siamo caduti - - We fell
Voi siete caduti - You fell
Essi sono caduti - They fell

And now with the verb Salire (to move up)

Io sono salito - I went up
Tu sei salito - You went up
Lei/Lui è salita/o - She/He/It went up
Noi siamo saliti - We went up
Voi siete saliti - You went up
Essi sono saliti - They went up

Play attention on this:

  • With the reflexive verbs, the Past Participle will flez with the sex and number of the subject (Lei è salit - Noi siamo saliti)

Try to play attention in what kin of situation you can use it, why don’t you put in the comment a phrase with Il Passato Prossimo? Also put your question here if you have :wink:

I sometimes get confused myself! So this is very helpful!!

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