What’s the deal with “werden”? Here's the answer

“Werden” is one of those verbs that can be a bit confusing for German learners because it can have different meanings and functions :thinking:

It can be a full verb.

This means it is the main verb of the sentence, not an auxiliary. In this case, it means “become” or “get”:

Ich werde älterI’m getting older :older_adult:t4:
Es wird etwas anderesIt becomes something else :butterfly:

When it is a full verb, the Partizip II of “werden” is “geworden”.

It can also be an auxiliary verb.

In this case, it can play two different roles:

  • “Werden” + verb in infinitive → Future tense. We could translate it as “will”:
    Sie wird kommenShe will come :running_woman:t5:
  • “Werden” + Partizip II → Passive sentence. While in English we use the verb “to be” for the passive, in German we generally use “werden”:
    Das Buch wird gelesenThe book is read :open_book:

When it is an auxiliary verb, the Partizip II of “werden” is “worden”.

Now you know what the deal with “werden” is!

If you want to practice, here are some sentences with “werden”. What does it mean in each of them?

Ich möchte Arzt werden. → I want to become a doctor.
Das Geschäft wurde vor 50 Jahren gegründet. → The shop was established 50 years ago.
Ich werde morgen meine Hausaufgaben machen. → I will do my homework tomorrow.
Es wird kalt. → It’s getting cold.
Die Tür wurde von dem Mädchen geöffnet. → The door was opened by the girl.

Let me know down below if you have any questions or more examples! :smiley: