“Werden” is one of those verbs that can be a bit confusing for German learners because it can have different meanings and functions
This means it is the main verb of the sentence, not an auxiliary. In this case, it means “become” or “get”:
Ich werde älter → I’m getting older
Es wird etwas anderes → It becomes something else
When it is a full verb, the Partizip II of “werden” is “geworden”.
In this case, it can play two different roles:
- “Werden” + verb in infinitive → Future tense. We could translate it as “will”:
Sie wird kommen → She will come
- “Werden” + Partizip II → Passive sentence. While in English we use the verb “to be” for the passive, in German we generally use “werden”:
Das Buch wird gelesen → The book is read
When it is an auxiliary verb, the Partizip II of “werden” is “worden”.
Now you know what the deal with “werden” is!
If you want to practice, here are some sentences with “werden”. What does it mean in each of them?
Ich möchte Arzt werden. → I want to become a doctor.
Das Geschäft wurde vor 50 Jahren gegründet. → The shop was established 50 years ago.
Ich werde morgen meine Hausaufgaben machen. → I will do my homework tomorrow.
Es wird kalt. → It’s getting cold.
Die Tür wurde von dem Mädchen geöffnet. → The door was opened by the girl.
Let me know down below if you have any questions or more examples!